*** Jobar was reclassified from a Tier 1 siege to the Siege Watch 'Watchlist' on 31 March 2018, when it reverted entirely to government control following a final scorched earth offensive, surrender deal, and forced population transfers to northern Syria.***
Post Siege Note: Jobar was one of the communities covered under the surrender deal reached for the "central sector" of Eastern Ghouta in late March 2018 following an unprecedented and devastating final scorched earth campaign by the Syrian government and its allies. All opposition fighters in Jobar who were not captured were deported to northern Syria as part of the forced population transfers. But Jobar's infrastructure had been almost entirely demolished even before the final offensive against Eastern Ghouta started (February 2018), and had been previously emptied of civilians.
Dates: Besieged since mid-2013 along with Eastern Ghouta
Siege classification: Tier 1
Besieged by: Syrian Govt.
UN recognizes siege?: Yes, the UN officially recognized Jobar as besieged as of 1 November 2016 (S/2016/962). (Note: Jobar has been under siege since 2013, and Siege Watch has long called for its official designation.)
Active Truce?: No. Violence has continued despite the most recent ceasefire announcement by Russia and Jaysh al-Islam on 22 July 2017 .
Current population: Approximately 15 people (as of 7/31/17); pre-war population was 30,000.
Civil control: Jobar Local Council
Military control: Al-Rahman Corps
Siege-related deaths: 6 (as of 11/20/15)
Active conflict: Yes. Jobar has been the target of a scorched earth campaign by pro-government forces. Intensive daily attacks have led almost all civilians to flee. Pro-government forces including the elite 4th Armored Division continue efforts to advance into the neighborhood and to cut off remaining access points between Jobar and Eastern Ghouta by capturing the area along the highway to western side of the neighborhood. In June and July during the Seventh Siege Watch reporting period there were at least six suspected chemical attacks against al-Rahman Corps fighters in Jobar or nearby Ein Tarma. Additional suspected chemical attacks have been reported since, and are likely to continue.
Additional Details: Jobar's infrastructure is entirely destroyed, the neighborhood is a wasteland. Few civilians remain.