NOTE: Moadamiya surrendered to the government in October 2016. Following an observation period, Moadamiya was reclassified from besieged to the "Watchlist." Given ongoing concerns of human rights violations, partial access restrictions, and reduced media visibility, the community will remain on the "Watchlist" for the foreseeable future.
Dates: Was besieged from August 2012 until the surrender in October 2016.
Siege classification: Watchlist (downgraded from Tier 1 to Tier 2 after 17 October 2016 surrender to pro-government forces; after an observation period Moadamiya was downgraded to the “Watchlist.”)
Formerly besieged by: Syrian govt.
UN recognized siege: Yes. After removing Moadamiya from its list in November 2014, UN OCHA officially re-designated Moadamiya as besieged in January 2016. Since the surrender, the UN has officially de-listed Moadamiya.
Active Truce?: On 17 October, the Moadamiya negotiating committee capitulated to the government’s truce terms. Approximately 3,000 people (including fighters, their families and those deemed unacceptable by the government such as citizen journalists and members of the local council) were transported to opposition-controlled Idlib.
Current population: 41,000 (as of 10/31/2016), pre-war population was 90,000.
Civil control: Previously Moadamiya Local Council, now Syrian government.
Military control: Previously Al-Fajr brigade, Ajnad al-Sham,and Saif al-Shamnow Syrian government forces and affiliated militias.
Siege-related deaths: 16 (as of Oct 2015), several more since
Aid: Despite the surrender, UN agencies still struggle to get access to the town. An interagency aid convoy managed to reach Moadamiya once during the November 2016-January 2017 reporting period on 7 January 2017, but it was the approved “on an exceptional basis” as a long-delayed component of the November 2016 access plan. More recent access requests have not been approved. The January convoy contained supplies for 40,000 beneficiaries, but government forces removed 20,200 lifesaving medical treatments.
Active conflict: No.
Additional Details: Access and humanitarian conditions have improved since the 17 October 2016 surrender, but have not fully normalized.: