*** Zabadani was completely depopulated in April 2017 after the town capitulated to the pro-government "surrender or die" campaign, and the remaining fighters were deported to Idlib governorate ***
Dates: July 2015
Siege classification: Tier 1
Besieged by: Syrian govt. and Hezbollah
UN recognizes siege?: Yes. Listed as besieged for the first time in the 11 November 2015 UNSG report (S/2015/862)
Active Truce?: No. There was previously a "Four Towns" that allowed for aid deliveries and medical evacuations in exchange for reciprocal measures in the government-controlled towns of Fuaa and Kefraya in Idlib, but this has completely broken down.
Current population: 200 (as of 10/31/16)
Siege-related deaths: Yes, details unavailable
Aid: One UN interagency aid convoy managed to reach Madaya and Zabadani during the reporting period on 25 September. A total of 49 aid trucks reached Madaya with supplies for 38,000 people, and four trucks reached Zabadani.
Active conflict: Yes. In August, Hezbollah forces made an attempt to capture the water springs that feed Madaya and Zabadani. They were repelled by Ahrar al-Sham fighters, but an estimated five civilians were killed and seven were injured in the fighting. Sniping and other attacks occurred frequently throughout the period.
Additional Details: Humanitarian conditions in Zabadani are critical. Most of population was previously displaced into Madaya, which is also under siege.